The Egyptians were the first to ascribe the quality of a wine to its origin. Almost 4,000 years later, in the mid-twentieth century the Lisbon Agreement (1958) defined the Designation of Origin as the geographical name used to describe a product whose quality is due exclusively or primarily to the territory that makes up a given region. Geographical origin is undoubtedly one of the most important attributes considered when choosing a wine.
Wine is the pioneering product in Europe in terms of protected designations of origin (PDO). The relationship between the product and the territory is explained by the terroir (geographical location, geomorphology, climate); the vineyards and grape varieties; the culture (history, tradition, knowhow) and the types of wines that have this recognition.
Vines can be grown all over the world, and the potential for interaction of all the factors involved in these aspects is so enormous that it is practically impossible to find two fine wines that are the same.
Today the European Union lays down the main guidelines governing the GUARANTEE OF ORIGIN AND QUALITY of products protected by a geographical indication or PDO, in the case of wines traditionally called a “Designation of Origin” (DO).
Only these wines provide certified information about their geographical origin and qualitative attributes. All the requirements that wineries and protected wines must be able to accredit are set out in a single document, the “Terra Alta” DO Specifications.